Making A Neighborhood, by D. D. Banta, 1887 cont'd

     The year following DAVID DEMAREE'S advent, ISAAC VANNUYS, another Kentuckian, whose ancestors originally, as is supposed came from the village of Nuys, in Groningen, Holland, to New Amsterdam, and thence to the West with the New Jersey colonists and who had recently married ELIZABETH JOHNSON, found a home amid the Shiloh woods. It was on the 9th day of October, 1836, that he and his wife came to the neighborhood. He had recently entered a quarter section of land in that famous belt of oak timber over against Rock Lick, in which JESSE YOUNG [SR.] had herded his hogs when all of Union Township was yet in the wilderness. Not a tree had been cut down on the VANNUYS land when he came, but at the end of three weeks he had a place he called home. "We were real glad to get into a cabin that was our own.", writes the aged survivor of his hardships, MRS. ELIZABETH [(JOHNSON) VANNUYS] DUNLAP, "although we had no doors or windows to keep out the wolves,** It was several weeks that I had to make door and window shutters out of my quilts."
     Late of a November evening the new comer moved into his cabin, and the next morning he was compelled to return his father's wagon to Franklin. It had been raining off and on for a month; the creeks were bank full and "Lake George," the name by which that great swamp lying between the VANNUYS homestead and the main settlement was known, was a sea of water. It was a dismal Wednesday morning that ISAAC VANNUYS left his young wife and his baby boy, ARCHIE, alone in the heart of a strange wilderness to make that journey to Franklin. He expected to return the same day, but when the night came he was not there. The long night passed away and the morning sun arose, and yet the husband and father had not come. How anxiously the young wife listened the night through for the sound of his coming The second day passed and the second night and still no tidings. "Surely some calamity has befallen him," thought the now alarmed woman. Why else should he stay?" It was more than a mile to the nearest cabin, and "Lake George" and a pathless woods lay between. What was she to do? There was but one thing I could do," writes the dear old woman, stick to my cabin.'' Shut off by swamps and woods from neighbors, there was nought else for her to do. At last the long suspense was ended. At noon of the third day the husband, anxious and care worn emerged from the swampy thickets and once more passed the door sill of his new home. From a heavy rain in the northern part of the county, YOUNG'S CREEK had swollen till it was past fording, and hence the delay.
     Early in 1836, PETER BANTA, a brother of the deceased JACOB, settled on the farm afterwards owned by JOHN COVERT, on the confines of Hopewell, and he and his wife, VROUCHY, and his daughter, RACHEL, united with his church, but at the end of two years he sold out and moved to Hopewell. "It can hardly be said that he was identified with this neighborhood.
     In 1837 WILLIAM EVANS, FIELDING R. VORIS, and MICAJAH HAMILTON found home here, and SARAH [DEMAREE] BANTA returned to her old home accompanied by her mother and her sister [both named RACHEL DEMAREE]. [WILLIAM] EVANS arrived on the 6th of April, moving directly from Hopewell. A deep snow fell the night before he set forth on his journey, and from the net-work of branches overhanging the road the sodden snow fell in sheets on the travelers' heads half the distance to their new home. The roads were "sloppy and slippery," the mud was deep, and the whole day was consumed going from their Hopewell to their Shiloh home; a distance of less than nine miles. MRS. EVANS [CATHERINE VANDIVER WHITENACK], Vandiver is her maiden name] volunteered to help start the cows on the march, but found no discharge from duty until the journey was ended. She walked the entire distance and was often over shoe-top deep in mud and water.
     The family moved into a cabin formerly erected by JORDAN WINCHESTER, on land now owned by HENRY DEMAREE, but FIELDING R. VORIS purchasing the land the same spring moved right in, when [WILLIAM] EVANS rented a small cabin at a place since known as the Cross Roads, near the mouth of KOOTZ'S FORK, in which he lived until he could build on his own land, which he did during the following summer. It is remembered that he planted an orchard the first thing and had his fruit trees growing before he cleared off the native woods.
     WILLIAM EVANS was a North Carolinian by birth, and moved to Green County, Tennessee, with his father while yet a small boy. About the time he reached his majority he came to Johnson County [Indiana] and subsequently married MRS. CATHERINE WHITENACK, a widow, whose maiden name was VANDIVER, a Kentucky woman of New York Dutch descent.
     In the summer of 1834, MICAJAH HAMILTON, of Mercer County Kentucky to this county and being pleased with the outlook entered 240 acres in section 26, and immediately moved his family out, but not to his new purchase. This did not take place till sometime in 1837, at which time the HAMILTON family became identified with this neighborhood. MICAJAH HAMILTON was of English extraction and a Virginian by birth, coming from near Fredericksburg, on the Rappahannock to Mercer County while a boy. [Born 10 Jan 1797, Culpeper Co., VA.] His early life was an eventful one. His father [THEOPHILUS HAMILTON] dying soon after reaching Kentucky, he was thrown upon his own resources, and while yet in his teens, became a wagoner, driving a six-horse trader's team over the mountains as the occasion required to the principal Southern inland cities. His wife was ELIZABETH LUYSTER, another descendant of the New York Dutchmen, whom he married in his old Kentucky home ere he came to this state.
     That year of 1837 witnessed the advent of still another family, JOHN SHUCK'S which arrived in November. He had made his entry of land as early as March 1835, and in the year he moved he engaged JESSE and JAMES [WILEY] YOUNG, sons of JESSE YOUNG, SR., to build the cabin, so well remembered by many of us. A good four-horse team hauled the family and their personal goods from Henry County in Kentucky, and it is remembered that Sugar Creek, in this county, could be crossed by that wagon only by ferrying.
     JOHN SHUCK was a descendant of a Virginia family that moved to Kentucky in the early day. His wife, CATHARINE VORIS, was a niece of PETER VORIS.
     The following year, 1838, GARRETT DITMARS moved to the neighborhood. He was New Jersey born and so was his wife, SARAH VERBRYKE, both of whom, as their names indicate, were of Dutch descent. In 1830 they moved from Somerset County, New Jersey, to Warren County, Ohio, where they remained up to 1836, when they moved to this county and lived in the vicinity of Franklin for a period of two years, and then came to this neighborhood. It was a dismal snowy day in February that witnessed their departure for their new home. GEORGE W. BERGEN and ZEBULON WALLACE drove the wagons that hauled the family and the household goods to this neighborhood. By noon of that dismal day the house of PETER BERGEN, of Hopewell, was reached and as an instance of the hospitality of the times, it may be stated that MR. [PETER] BERGERN stopped the movers and had them in to dinner. PETER and CORNELIUS, two of the DITMARS boys, drove the little herd of cattle, and it is remembered that while the boys tarried at the BERGEN table the herd took the back track for Franklin. WILLIAM COVERT, MR. [PETER] BERGEN'S son-in-law, volunteered to head off the errant cattle, and in due time returned with them to the company, by which time the boys had finished the dinner and were ready to resume their march.
     From MR. [PETER] BERGEN'S on to the DITMARS' place there was no road, but MR. [WILLIAM] COVERT knowing the country, piloted the teams through to their new home. Here a small cabin had been erected by some one claiming under a lease, and into this cabin the family moved and began life in Shiloh.
     We have seen that GEORGE W. DEMAREE, an unmarried man, came to this neighborhood in the fall of 1835. In this year on the 25th day of January, he and SARAH W. YOUNG [dau. of JESSE and MARGARET (WILEY) YOUNG, SR.] were married, and at once set up housekeeping in the old Newkirk cabin which stood amidst a little grove of beeches on the north side of.the road that yet passes.through the old farm.
     In 1839 AARON MONFORT, another Kentuckian, of French Knickerbocker origin, whose wife was a sister of that ELIZABETH (JOHNSON) VANNUYS who held watch and ward so long in the cabin awaiting the return of her husband as narrated above, moved to the neighborhood and settled immediately east of SERRILL WINCHESTER'S place, on an improvement begun by WILLIAM KEPHEART.
     WILLIAM YOUNG having sold his little farm in 1839 to his brother, JESSE YOUNG, JR. on the 26th day of May, 1840, the latter was married to SARAH [DEMAREE] BANTA, widow [of JACOB BANTA], and shortly after they moved to their home, where they continued reside up to the fall of 1852, save a short interval during tho last sickness of GRANDMOTHER DEMAREE in the fall and winter of 1846-7, when they lived with her on JACOB BANTA'S old farm. Theirs was the one family of this year.

     In 1841 DAVID V. DEMAREE moved in, and JAMES PARK and ELIZABETH YOUNG [dau. of JESSE and MARGARET (WILEY) YOUNG] were married, and set up housekeeping on the confines of the neighborhood; and in 1842 ZEBULON WALLACE and WASHINGTON MILLER came, and about this year PETER L. [LUYSTER] HAMILTON [son of MICAJAH and ELIZABETH (LUYSTER) HAMILTON] having married ELIZABETH DOLLINS made an additional family. Early in 1842, HENRY DEMAREE, a young man from Henry County, Kentucky, came to the neighborhood, and afterwards, on the 5th day of February 1846 married NANCY S. WINCHESTER, and thus another family was added. The same year WILLIAM T. CHUCK, another Henry County Kentuckian, having married SUSAN DEMAREE, made a settlement here. And in 1851 JOHN M. WINCHESTER and HARRIET B., daughter of DAVID DEMAREE, deceased, were married and founded another Shiloh home.
     The length to which this sketch has already been drawn, warns me to make preparation for its ending, and so here let these family histories terminate, and let the year 1850 be one at which to stop for a moment and take a brief look back over Shiloh's past. It has been 22 years since the neighborhood was founded and 18 since the church was organized and 16 since the old log church was built. Six heads of families have died in the meantime, viz., JACOB BANTA, September 4,1835; MRS. MARGARET (WILEY) YOUNG, wife of JESSE YOUNG, SR., August 12, 1840; PETER D. BANTA, September 1, 1844; ISAAC VANNUYS, August 12, [1844], the same year, and DAVID DEMAREE, September 27th, 1846. Four families have moved to newer western countries; JOHN [and RACHEL (TITUS)] YOUNG'S and THOMAS [WILSON] TITUS'S in 1839, JESSE YOUNG'S in 1841, and AARON MONFORT'S in 1845. All these went to Illinois but JESSE YOUNG returned at the end of two years to the old neighborhood. In 1852 he again removed, and in 1856 died at the residence of his grandson, the HON. JOSIAH T. YOUNG in Monroe County, Iowa.
     In this year of 1850 I call to mind 22 families of the neighborhood who were identified with it by church relationship, the heads of which were as follows:


     An examination of the Church records discloses that from 1832, the year of the organization, up to 1840, 41 persons united with the Church; from 1840 to 1850, 40 persons; from 1850 to 1860, 79 persons; from 1860 to 1870, 38 persons, and from 1870 to 1880, 37 persons- 235 in all; from which statistics we learn that the growth of the Church culminated during the decade from 1850 to 1860. During that interval the losses from deaths and removals were many. GARRET DITMARS, GRANDMOTHER [RACHEL] DEMAREE, JUDGE PETER VORIS, GEORGE W. DEMAREE, WASHINGTON MILLER, WILLIAM MILLER, and SERRILL WINCHESTER, all died, and JOSEPH YOUNG, JESSE YOUNG SR., and JESSE YOUNG JR., JAMES W. YOUNG JONATHAN EDWARDS YOUNG, and DAVID V. DEMAREE, all moved away -- a loss of seven heads of families enumerated as belonging to the neighborhood in 1850, by death, and of six families by removal.
     It was during this decade the old log meeting house was removed and the present commodious and tasteful frame structure erected in its stead. The old meeting house had undergone some changes in the meantime. For several years it went without repairs, and with the rude seating already indicated, but during the winter season of 1842-3 the men of Shiloh came forth and under the leadership of ISAAC VANNUYS as head carpenter, it was comfortably seated and properly ceiled [sic].
     It was about this time the first real controversy ever arose between the old Shilohans. The disturbing question was one of Stove or no Stove. The radicals wanted a stove while the conservatives maintained that the stove was an abomination, and clamored for the retention of the old fire-place. But, happily for the peace of the Church, the spirit of compromise ultimately prevailed, and while the genial open fire held its place at the north end, a plain old fashioned box-shaped stove was allowed to sneak into the aisle well up towards the pulpit. I have it from good authority that PETER VORIS presided over the meeting which settled that momentous question, and notwithstanding GRAND MOTHER [RACHEL] DEMAREE and SARAH [DEMAREE] BANTA each proposed to contribute $5 with which to purchase the new stove and SERRILL WINCHESTER agreed to haul it from Madison free of charge, the vote stood six for and six against, and it required the casting vote of the chairman to decide the proposition. That vote was given in favor of the stove, and the two widows contributing as they had agreed, SERRILL WINCHESTER made his word good and the first stove was set up in Shiloh. That old stove, rough in exterior as I remember it, gave such good satisfaction, that later on and after the second mud-and-stick chimney had succumbed to the elements, the open-fire place was turned into a double door and the side doors were closed, and all to the satisfaction of the entire congregation.
     In this hasty sketch of the making of a neighborhood, how much we must pass by and leave untouched! What think you these Shiloh fathers and mothers of ours were doing these early years of the neighborhood's history? They were not spending their days in idleness nor in unprofitable toil. Look abroad at your fields of growing wheat and of sprouting corn, and your pastures rank with green grass, and tell me whence they came? I cannot stop to repeat the old story of manual toil and of physical hardship and material growth. It would be simply a repetition of the story of that which has been done and been endured, and has followed in some sort in every neighborhood in Central Indiana. Let us turn rather, for a few minutes, and contemplate the mental and moral aspects of the community's early history.
     The Shiloh pioneers were limited in their book learning. With one or two exceptions they were men whose schooling had been compressed within a few weeks, or at most a few winter months in some country school. Men and women all, could read and write, and the men cipher after a fashion. GEORGE W. DEMAREE had been favored with a few months at some Kentucky academy in his youth, and had a tolerable knowledge of geography and English grammar. Up to the coming of DAVID V. DEMAREE, his nephew, he was the best book scholar in the neighborhood. The nephew was a good English scholar, and had studied the Latin and greek grammars. WASHINGTON MILLER, when he came a few years later still, brought with him the rudiments of a good English education, and for many winters in succession, he taught the young Shiloh idea how to shoot.
     JESSE YOUNG, SR. was a man of extensive information. He was well read in Edwardian theology, and had been a close observer of American political history almost from the time of the adoption of the Federal Constitution. He must have had some taste for lighter literature also, for I remember that he was a great admirer of the poetry of Sir Edward Young whose 'Night Tho'ts" he had at his tongue's end. JESSE YOUNG [SR.] was an entertaining conversationalist, and was much given to the adornment of his discourse with quotations from his favorite author.
     Let me take you into primitive Shiloh cabins and show you the books these people had to read. Of course we will find a bible and a hymn book in every one, and of all the books in the neighborhood it is certain none are perused so much as they. Beginning at the west end of the neighborhood let us call at GIDEON DRAKE'S, the Methodist. Here we find two books, nay, three, Horry's "Life of Marion," a book of religious poetry, and the book of Discipline. How often in my youthful years have I been wrought up over the hair breadth escapes and shed tears over the death scenes narrated in that glorious old history of General Francis Marion. JOSEPH YOUNG, Drake's neighbor, owns Trumbull's "History of the Indiana", a little "Life of Alexander Selkirk," and the "Olive Branch," the last a political farrago belonging to the early part of our century. On a little shelf over DAVID DEMAREE'S cabin door, we find the "Comprehensive Commentary," a set of books whose pictures were the only interesting features to me, when a boy, I must confess; but by their side are two others, the reading of which is a fascination. These are "Western Adventure" by John A. McClung, and illustrated work on Natural History. A sermon book or two and a Confession of Faith completes the list, but some of you can easily understand, I am quite sure, how a Shiloh boy of forty years ago would prize an Indian book full of good scalping stories, far above a Confession of Faith with a good book of sermons thrown in. From DAVID DEMAREE'S let us go to his brother GEORGE'S, here we will find a cherry-wood book case, the only furniture of the kind in the neighborhood. All the other book cases are spaces above the cabin doors made by sawing out an extra log. This was a feature quite common to the Indiana cabins in early days. GEORGE W. DEMAREE'S book case occupies a site on top of the high bureau in the spare room, and it holds a set of the Comprehensive Commentaries, Buck's Bible Dictionary, the life of the Rev. William Tenent, Kirkham's English Grammar and a Woodbridge's Geography and an atlas. At GRAND MOTHER [RACHEL] DEMAREE'S cabin we find all of John Bunyan's works except the very two a boy would have deemed worth reading -- the Pilgrim's Progress and the Holy War. Here also was a sermon book or two, and a few religious pamphlets. JESSE YOUNG SR., had on the same shelf with his "Edwards on the Will" and his "Edwards on Redemption," and his "Night Thoughts" and his Erskine's sermons, numerous political pamphlets. MICAJAH HAMILTON we find with a copy of the Pilgrim's Progress, I know, for a perusal of it away back in that dead past of which I am speaking gave me my first knowledge of that ever fresh and incomparable spiritual allegory. I am not sure, but I think a peep in PETER VORIS' cabin would bring to view a copy of the Statutes of 1838; at any rate of 1843. JOHN SHUCK is the neighborhood chimney corner lawyer, while PETER VORIS is its jurist. All legal questions are submitted to him and so satisfactorily does he answer, that he [PETER VORIS ] is at last made a justice of the peace for the township and ultimately in 1851 is elected to the office of Probate Judge for his county.
     A few sermon books we may have missed in our list to the Shiloh cabins and mayhap a few old dog-eared school books and possibly a good many pamphlets but I think we have seen the major part of the Shiloh books and leaving out the bibles and hymn books and the two sets of.commentaries, it is evident that a bushel basket would carry the lot. What a dreary waste to a boy who hungered and thirsted for tales of adventure by flood and by field! And how some of us who were youngsters then, in sheer desperation went to war with the Old Testament heroes, fighting over with them their bloody battles and with St. John on Patmos seeing his visions as recorded in the Apocalypse and hearing the shout of his "four and twenty elders."
     There was not a work of fiction in all Shiloh I verily believe save old John Bunyan's, for nearly or quite twenty years after the first cabin was built. If there had been I am quite sure I would have found it. The novel was never talked about even, save when it was deemed necessary to utter warnings against it in the same manner as warnings were uttered against profane swearing, dancing, drunkenness and other kindred vices. For twenty years I doubt if a round oath was sworn in the bounds of the neighborhood and I know there was no dancing, was no fighting and am quite sure a dram of intoxicating liquor was not taken; certainly not by a Shilohan. Such was the state of morals in ancient Shiloh!
     Notwithstanding the fierceness of the battle fought by our fathers here in the wilderness in behalf of themselves and families, they always had time for religious improvement and on occasion turned aside for mental. Among my earliest recollections is one, presenting the men and boys of Shiloh seated in a semi-circle around the ample fire place in the old log church engaged in the study of geography. Laugh if you will, but that old geography school, was made a serious business by men who trudged from the extreme quarters of the neighborhood after the day's work was done to attend it. I do not know what may have been the experience of others, but as for myself, elementary geographical knowledge was there acquired which has stood me a good turn ever since, and I cannot but think such progress in the knowledge of the science was made by the men, has more than compensated them for their loss in the particular from lack of early training.
     Subsequently DAVID V. DEMAREE gave lessons to the old Shilohans in English Grammar in the old log church, but their greatest school was their school of polemics. Who of the older generation that does not remember the Shiloh debates? The Shiloh Debating Society had its constitution and by-laws and was conducted according to the Pauline precept "in decency and order." Questions springing out of the issues of the day were discussed with such thoroughness as to enlarge the sphere of knowledge of all. I remember some of those questions.
The slavery question -- then hanging a black cloud low on the, political horizon -- was debated with an intensity of feeling prophetic of the stormy scenes of the coming years. The temperance question, questions relating to banks and banking, tariffs and taxation and other vital questions of the hour engaged the attention of that old school of polemics. The men who indulged in orderly dispute in that old Shiloh meeting house were not pundits; they were simply inquirers. When they came together in debate the shock never failed to strike out some sparks of truth. Their area of knowledge was enlarged and they became better and stronger men -- better fathers and better citizens.
     In these debates, the fame of which was spread abroad even till knights came from off Indian Creek, and from Franklin, and from elsewhere in the county to shiver lances with the Saladins of Shiloh. PETER L. HAMILTON was noted for the great clearness and force with which he stated his propositions; GEORGE W. DEMAREE for the copiousness and excellence of his language and the breath and exceeding ingenuity of his arguments, and JOHN SHUCK for his wit and humor and power of declamation.
     The people of Shiloh were a deeply religious people, and accepted the tenets of their cult without interlineation or mental reservation. They were Presbyterians of the "Old School" from "away back," and that in their day meant a great deal. I find not a few evidences in the old, church book indicating with what stiffness of backbone they adhered to what they considered the right. There was nothing slip-shod about them -- there was no screaking [screeching] of loose wheels in all their religious machinery. Their faith they accepted in all its length, breadth, height and depth. To them it was the beginning and the ending -- the neplus ultra of all spiritual things.
     In looking back over the lives and times of such a people there is a proneness to rate them as a cold, grim, unlovable sort of people, and the time may come when our fathers will be looked upon in that light. Never would there be a greater mistake. They were on the contrary a merry, cheerful, kindly, loving, benevolent, warmhearted, social set. They brought into their busy lives all the sunshine that was possible to men situated as they were. They were human in all things. The women loved their tea and their roses, and the men, their tables and their jokes. Not a cabin that in season was not bedecked by climbing bloomers, not a door-yard that did not show off its roses and sweet briars, and not a garden that had not its beds of hollyhocks, pinks, peonys [peonies], bachelor-buttons and other of the old time blossomers.
     While the old Shilohans were poor and hard run yet I never heard of an execution in the hands of an officer of the law authorizing him to levy upon and sell a dollar's worth of their property to satisfy a debt. For more than twenty-years not a judgment was ever entered against a man of Shiloh in a court of record. For more than twenty years not a Sheriff of Johnson county ever came to the neighborhood of Shiloh with a summons, a writ or even a subpoena for one of its citizens, except as one of their number was now and then wanted to serve on one of the juries of the county. For more than twenty years not a man of Shiloh ever made a mortgage; never did one make an assignment of his property for the benefit of his creditors, nor smuggle his property to keep from paying his debts. Though poor and in the language of the times "hard pushed to make both ends meet", nevertheless they were seldom harassed and worried over the affairs of life as seems to be the case with their more prosperous descendants. Their wants were few and simple, and each regarded it a religious duty to live within his income.
     Probably in nothing did they feel their poverty more than in their inability to secure weekly preaching. The church was always weak and there have been but few times in its history when preaching one Sunday in four. This has to the people of Shiloh. But very beginning fell back upon never permitted the want of a preacher to stand between them and the duties of public worship. Regularly every Sunday morning, in winter and in summer, father, mothers, sons, and daughters wended their way to the old log church in their home-spun best for public worship. Assembled together they read the scriptures, sung hymns, prayed and read a sermon. In the beginning JESSE YOUNG [SR.] read the sermons out of Erskine's collection -- sermons patiently listened to that sometimes took all of an hour and a half to read*. After him came JOSEPH YOUNG and DAVID DEMAREE, and then GARRETT DITMARS who introduced the shorter, sharper, crisper and perhaps less dogmatical sermons of JOHN BURDER. Others read now and then, among whom I remember GEORGE W. DEMAREE, DAVID V. DEMAREE, WASHINGTON MILLER, an PETER L. HAMILTON. Ah! How the memory of the worshipers of those long by-gone days clings to me! Though every tuneful voice has long been stilled in death, yet there come times when I seem to hear the far away melodies rising and falling as when a boy I heard them of still Sabbaths along the forest aisles hard by the old log meeting house.
     I cannot close without some reference to the children of our old Shiloh. "Happy is the man who has his quiver full of them," saith the Psalmist, and there were a good many full quivers in Shiloh. In the old families the numbers from first to last, living and dead, stand as follows:

     In the Shiloh Faith these children occupied a conspicuous niche. They were regarded as gifts to be brought up in the "nurture and admonition of the Lord." To the glory of the old fathers and mothers be it spoken, opportunities for the mental and moral training of their children, they made. Trust a people for that, who organized night geography- and grammar-schools, to promote their own education.
     The first thing after the new log meeting house was erected, and for that matter before the floor was laid, was to organize a Sunday School. And, mark you, there were not a dozen children in the neighborhood counting in JESSE YOUNG'S [SR.] family, some of whom were verging on their majority, old enough to go to Sunday School, and less than half a dozen of them could read. ABRAHAM BANTA, JONATHAN E. [EDWARDS] YOUNG and JOHN M. WINCHESTER constituted one class and were put to work in the New Testament. From the beginning it has always been the practice in Shiloh to set the children to work in the New Testament just as soon as ever they could manage to read it, a practice that prevailed in the ancient day schools of the neighborhood. Those children who could not read brought their spelling books. It is remembered that on one occasion JOSIAH T. YOUNG was in SERRILL WINCHESTER'S class and was spelling in words of three syllables. He came to the word "misconstrue" and it floored him. M-i-s mis c-o-n con misconstrue went the youthful JOSIAH, and in spite of all Shiloh he persisted in pronouncing that last syllable without spelling it. I remember myself when GEORGE W. VORIS, who is with us today, attended the Shiloh Sunday School and recited to DAVID DEMAREE his a-b-cs.
     But the old fathers and mothers did not leave to the church and the Sunday and the day schools the training of their children. Every cabin was [a] school house. The elements of knowledge were taught us at our mother's knees. How many of us in the early day learned our letters in the big bibles and hymn books, and to spell out easy reading lessons at home. But other things were taught there; subordination to parental authority, and reverence for God and man were enjoined by both precept and example. The Shiloh youth was not permitted to say "Old man" so and so; it was always "Mr.". Good behavior in all places and under all circumstances was enjoined, and as a consequence the Shiloh youngsters early learned that it would never do to whisper, snicker laugh or clatter in and out during religious services. the shorter catechism was not neglected. I think there was a time when every youth in the neighborhood knew it from "What is the chief end of man?" down to "What doth the conclusion of the Lord's Prayer teach us?"
     From these hints the scope of the parental training given in old Shiloh may be inferred, and, it rejoices me to be able to give you a hint as to the effect of that training. Such of the youth who received it and are yet living are all men and women who have passed the meridian of life. They are scattered all the way from here to the Rocky Mountains, but I think we have kept trace of all of them but two or three exceptions, and this we know, and I save it to you with more pride than you can well imagine -- that not a single one of all those old Shiloh young folks has ever been brought to judgment for a violation of the laws of the land.
     Why then, may not we, the children and the grand children and the great grand children of the Shiloh pioneers sound their praises? Let us thank God that we had such true, loving, faithful, conscientious, Godfearing fathers and mothers. Let us perpetuate in our hearts their memories and be animated to better lives by their glorious examples. With few exceptions all have passed to the other side. JOHN YOUNG and RACHEL, his wife, two of the foundation members of the church, and THOMAS TITUS and MARY, his wife, the third and fourth persons to unite with, still survive. So does JESSE YOUNG, JR., and JAMES W. [WILEY] YOUNG and his wife, MARY [ELLEN HAMILTON]. And so ELIZABETH DUNLAP who as ELIZABETH (JOHNSON) VANNUYS watched for the coming of her husband from the thither side of "Lake George;" and so JOANNA BANTA, the widow of PETER D. BANTA and LOUISA MILLER, the widow of WASHINGTON MILLER. These are all that are living and all are in distant states. All the rest are gone. May we all so live that when we too go, our children shall rise up and bless our memories.

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"Making a Neighborhood", pages 1  2  3