45th Alabama Infantry Regiment
The 45th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized at Auburn in May 1862. Companies that made up the unit were from the counties of Barbour, Randolph, Lowndes, Macon, and Russell. It was immediately sent to Corinth. At Tupelo it lost many men by disease, but in the Autumn it moved into KY, part of Patton Anderson's Brigade. It charged a battery at Perryville and suffered severely in casualties. The regiment came out of KY with the army and was soon after engaged in the battle of Murfreesboro where its casualties were numerous. Placed in the brigade of General Sterling A. M. Wood of Lauderdale, Cleburne's Division (with the 16th, 26th, 50th, and 33rd AL regiments), the 45th remained on duty with the Army of Tennessee, passing the first half of the year 1863 at Tullahoma. it fought under the eye of Gen'l Pat Cleburne at Chicamauga, and its mutilated ranks told the eloquent story of its services. General Mark Lowery of Mississippi succeeded to the command of the brigade, and the 45th was present at Mission Ridge and Ringgold Gap with slight loss. The winter was passed at Dalton, and the regiment took a full share in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, especially at Resaca, and at New Hope, where Cleburne's Division grappled with Union General John A. Logan's Corps. On the 22nd of July, at Atlanta, "Death" reveled in its ranks, and half the regiment went down on the hard-fought field. Six weeks later it again fought "where Cleburne crossed the line" at Jonesboro, with considerable loss. Then followed the long and disastrous march into TN. The 45th opened the battle at Franklin the evening before by a brilliant fight at Springhill, and the next day was in the bloody and desperate assault of Cleburne's Division on the enemy's works, and was almost annihilated around the corpse of its heroic division commander. Its colors floated before Nashville, and a remnant of the 45th moved into North Carolina. It was there consolidated with other Alabama regiments, and surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston's forces.
Statistics: It was organized with 750 men, reported 91 casualties at Murfreesboro, and 117 at Chickamauga, and totaled 366 effectives and 309 arms in December 1863. The regiment lost 27 k, 72 w, and 32 missing at the Battle of Atlanta and was almost annihilated at Franklin. Only a remnant surrendered on 26 April 1865.
Source: "Men of the 45th Alabama Infantry Regiment, CSA" (Auburn, AL, 1967) [Its 106 pp. are more a register of troops than a narrative history. There are copies at Auburn University and Samford University in Birmingham (OCLC # 6405607)]
|WRIGHT, JOHNITHAN P. 5th SGT
( JONATHAN PEARCE WRIGHT )
1st enlisted: 11 March 1862 Enon, Wilcox Co., AL
2nd enlistment: 2 April 1862 Auburn, Macon Co., AL
served under Capt. G. W. Carter
promoted to 5th Sgt on 1 Nov 1864 -- was a Provost Guard
surrended in Columbia TN on 5/6 June 1865
bd: Sand Hill Cem., Simms, Bowie, TX